Archive for December 18, 2014

Lenape History Suppression

By,

The Evidence indicates that The People of America spoke the SHORE (OLD NORSE) language, from Hudson Bay to the Isthmus of Panama, when the Europeans Invaded.

 The NORSE CATHOLIC HISTORY is still being SUPPRESSED!

 In AD 1346 4,000 Norse vanished from Greenland.

 Where DID they go?

 Dr. Myron Paine wanted to find out.
  He found the Maalan Aarum, the Lenape “Bible.”

 Then he found eight volumes of Reider T. Sherwin’s books, The Viking and the Red Man.  In the forward of volume IV, Sherwin concluded that the Algonquin Indian (a.k.a. Lenape) Language was Old Norse.

 Dr. Paine used the 30,000 Lenape words to decipher the Maalan Aarum.  The first two chapters are the Lenape Bible—Genesis.  The word “Lenape” appears twice in Genesis.

 Dr. Paine recognized that chapter 3 was history.  He used the words in The Viking and the Red Man to decipher chapter 3.  

 Dr. Frank Esposito, Kean University, knew Lenape.  He encouraged students to vet the Maalan Aarum.  Craig Judge deciphered 10 verses of Chapter 4.  

 Judge’s achievement is evidence that The Viking and the Red Man is valid knowledge.  The The Viking and the Red Man can be used by persistent scholars, who want to understand Lenape words from four centuries to four seconds ago.  

 The Viking and the Red Man has over 30,000 Lenape (a.k.a. Algonquin) words with their meanings and the original Old Norse pronunciation. Many place names in eastern North America are Lenape.  Many cities, over 10 U.S. states, and 3 provinces in Canada have Lenape names. Dr. Paine posted the first 37 deciphered stanzas of chapter 3 on the Internet as LENAPE LAND.  The format works with Smart Phones. The Lenape history clearly shows that the 4,000 Norse WALKED to America.

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Composition Analysis of Michigan Copper

Michigan Copper in the Mediterranean,

The Shipping of Michigan Copper across the Atlantic in the Bronze Age

 

(Isle Royale and Keweenaw Peninsula, c. 2400BC-1200 BC)

J.S. Wakefield, jayswakefield@yahoo.com

 

Photos coming soon for the article. Apologies from the AA staff.

 

Summary

Recent scientific literature has come to the conclusion that the major source of the copper that swept through the European Bronze Age after 2500 BC is unknown. However, these studies claim that the 10 tons of copper oxhide ingots recovered from the late Bronze Age (1300 BC) Uluburun shipwreck off the coast of Turkey was “extraordinarily pure” (more than 99.5% pure), and that it was not the product of smelting from ore. The oxhides are all brittle “blister copper”, with voids, slag bits, and oxides, created when the oxhides were made in multiple pourings outdoors over wood fires. Only Michigan Copper is of this purity, and it is known to have been mined in enormous quantities during the Bronze Age.

 

The Geology of Copper

Copper is said to be the most common metal on the face of the Earth with the exception of iron. However, most of it is in the form of low-grade ores that require a sequence of concentration mechanisms to upgrade it to exploitable ore through a series of proto-ores. Copper ores of the “oxidized type”, including the oxide cuprite, and carbonates (malachite) are generally green or blue, and reducible to copper metal by simple heating with charcoal. Ores of the “reduced type” are sulfides or sulfosalts (chalcocite, chalcopyrite, tetrahedrite), and are not readily identified in outcrops as ores; they require roasting to convert them to oxides, then reduction of the oxides to produce metal. There are a number of places in the world where copper can be found in small deposits in the pure state, but it is usually embedded in a rock matrix, from which it must be freed by intensive labor, or, today, crushed in huge volumes, and treated to obtain the metal.

 

The Unique Geology of Michigan Copper

Early in Earth’s history, there were huge volcanic outflows over the Great Lakes area. As new sediments overlaid these flows, copper solutions were crystallizing in the Precambrian flood basalts of the lava layers. The copper had been crystallized in nodules and irregular masses along fracture zones a few inches, to many feet wide. After a billion years, about a quarter of the age of the Earth, four major glaciations ground upon the edges of the old layered basalt lava beds, and exposed some of the embedded copper (Fig.2, top drawing). Isle Royale and the Keweenaw Peninsula remained high ridges of volcanic basalt. The scraping and digging by the glaciers, followed by surface exposure of the hardest material, the metal, was followed by sluicing of the land by glacial meltwaters. This left many mineral nodules of all sizes on the surface, in the huge pine forests. This was called “float copper”, as it appeared that it had “floated” to the surface. Nodules of copper were discovered shining in the surf along the shores of Isle Royale. The prolonged crystallization, followed by glacial exposure, was a unique sequence of events. When exploited, it took man from the stone age to an industrial world. The half billion pounds mined in prehistory were followed by six and a half billion pounds mined in the “industrial age” in America, starting in the late 1800s

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Review of Book by Sorenson and Johannessen: a Death Knell for Isolationism

by, John J White III

Originally published in MES.

The book World Trade and Biological Exchanges Before 1492 by John L. Sorenson and Carl L. Johanessen is now available. Collectively it represents a slam dunk victory for the historical interpretation of cultural diffusionism over the opposing interpretation of cultural isolationism. This is a major event for the study of ancient history. Lots of blood has been lost and careers bashed since Columbus landed in 1492 C.E. and the learned world began raising questions about the origins of the Native Americans and their cultures.

The key to successful systematic studies is to ask the right question, ie, one that can be answered by the prevailing scientific methods and one whose answer resolves a serious question. The best answer for proof of cultural diffusion is the study of biological exchanges. It is a branch of archaeology, the species involved are clearly identifiable, the role of man in the diffusion process can be understood, and the remains are datable.

Thus, the question asked is “What can the study of biological exchanges tell us about the travel (navigational) history of mankind?” The answer is that man was traveling on the oceans to and from the Americas since before 7320 B.P. and continuously since then. We are speaking of tropical America, not just the opportunities provided by land bridges and ice-age ocean conditions during exclusively Paleolithic times. The implication is that cultural exchanges have occurred since before 7320 B.P.!

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