Archive for Christianity

Ancient Words In Ethel Stewart’s ‘Last King Of The Hsi-Hsia Empire’

by, John J White, III

Originally published in The Midwestern Epigraphic Society Journal

 

ethelstewart

The “Last King of the Hsi-Hsia Empire” by Ethel Stewart (previous article) discusses several aspects of Tibetan Buddhism in order to explain the Dene version of this history. There is little unity in this current piece. It is simply a chance to point out that Medieval Asian history retained many names that were ancient and EMSL-like. The near universal occurrence of EMSL names came to an end in Asia with the development of modern Chinese culture that has a new name for most peoples and locations.

My current view of Tibetan Buddhism is that it emerged ca 500 BCE as an attempt to add new ideas to a combination of Hinduism + Sun/Light religion. We can find remnants of this new religion in Native American culture, but it is often quite dilute and modified by genuine American ideas. The principal mechanism for such change was the requirement to give up many remnants of Neolithic/Copper Age culture in favor of the Paleolithic/Neolithic culture adopted for American survival. And we surely understand that this older culture was the Earth Mother Culture (EMC) that we have investigated thoroughly.

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Bourne Stone Gives Evidence Of Early Atlantic Crossing

by, John J White, III, Beverley H. Moseley, Jr., and Charles F. Herberger

Originally published in The Midwestern Epigraphic Society Journal

 

[Editor’s Note: The visit of Dr. Charles Herberger to the 2001 MES Symposium prompted us to prepare an update of an old epigraphic diffusion report. It is amazing that this brief message has an aura of legitimacy, whereas many large sites with 100+ letters are denounced as frauds by alleged experts.]

Like it or not, the colonial settlers of America were confronted with traces of cultural diffusion from the very beginning. The topics included Black Indians, Moslem crescent ornaments, Welsh-speaking Indians, Melungeons (Moroscos from Spain), Indians with caucasian appearances, religious elements similar to Christianity, legends that sounded like they had influences from prior Atlantic explorers, and numerous Native American words that appeared to be borrowings from Europe and Africa. Later scattered artifacts and inscriptions were found, and the steady influx of peoples from historical Asia was detected. Few people will calm that any small number of these observations is conclusive, but the large quantity of such suggestive findings leaves little doubt that our ancestors have been traveling about the world from long before the detectable history of mankind right down to present times.

One of the first inscriptions noted and interpreted was the so-called Bourne Stone of western Cape Cod, whose lettering suggests that Carthaginian-type people writing with the Ibero-Punic script may have reached the New England coast as early as 475 BCE. This Whittall-Fell collaboration was well accepted and occurred during the Golden Age of Barry Fell research. Later, people with inferior translation abilities began to realize the limitations of real-world epigraphy and voiced the obvious conclusion that many interpretations of ancient writing were dubious and certain circumstances possibly manipulated. The inscriptions are nevertheless significant artifacts!

The Cape Cod boundary with greater Massachusetts was defined roughly by Great Herring Pond and the connecting river called the Manumet that flows southward into the north end of Buzzards Bay. The Cape Cod Canal is the practical boundary today. The inscription find area is on the east (Cape Cod) side of the river, although there is speculation that it could have been transported from a site on Great Herring Pond. The local name has changed from Komassakumkanit to Bournedale to Bourne. There is good reason to think the so-called Bourne Stone was recognized as a curious inscription during the 1658-1676 CE era when it was used as a church doorstep. There is confidence that fraudmakers were far less prevalent during this era.

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